Tile flooring is very popular because of its limitless potential throughout your home, office, restaurant or outdoor space. Within the home, you can update your kitchen, bath, and whole-house projects with this flooring solutions. Tile flooring comes in several varieties and styles including natural stone, porcelain, ceramic and luxury vinyl tile (LVT).
Ceramic & Porcelain Tile
While ceramic and porcelain tile are made from their respective materials, natural tile flooring can be made from a variety of materials including stone and clay.
Ceramic & porcelain tile is molded from clay, pressed and finally heated under extreme pressure to form this rigid material. There are two main types of ceramic tile.
- Non-porcelain ceramic tile is the traditional type, made from a combination of white, red and brown clay, sometimes mixed with other minerals.
- Porcelain tile is similar, but also contains up to 50% feldspar, a type of crystal which, when heated and pressurized, forms a glasslike material that gives porcelain its extreme hardness and durability.
The ceramic tile can be manufactured to be glazed or unglazed. Glazed tile is fired a second time to give the clay tile a glass-like, often adding color variations throughout the surface coating. A glazed tile provides the added benefit of increased resistance to stains, scratches and moisture unlike an unglazed ceramic or natural tile.
Natural Stone Tile
Natural stone tile is produced from natural materials including granite, marble, limestone, travertine, onyx, slate and sandstone. Here’s some additional information about these popular forms of natural stone:
- Granite is a very dense volcanic rock with a distinctive speckled appearance. It is impervious to scratching and is excellent for high-traffic areas such as kitchens. Variations of granite allow the color and pattern differences.
- Marble is a metamorphic stone well known for its elegant appearance. It’s more porous and therefore recommended for decorative use rather than practical purposes.
- Limestone is a sedimentary rock with an earthy look, less dense than other stone. It’s more susceptible to damage but is porous and can be stained different colors.
- Slate is an incredibly dense, incredibly durable option that comes in many darker tones – an excellent choice for high-traffic areas.